Migration strategies of monarch butterflies

First Author: 

  • Schmidt-Koenig


  • Book Chapter




  • Migration: Mechanisms and Adaptive Significance. Contributions in Marine Science


  • Migration

Full Reference: 

Schmidt-Koenig K. 1985. Migration strategies of monarch butterflies. Pages 786-798 [chapter 6] in Migration: Mechanisms and Adaptive Significance. Rankin MA (ed). Contributions in Marine Science, Supplement 27, University of Texas, Austin.

Study Setting: 

  • Field

Geographic Focus: 

  • Eastern Breeding

Field Definitions

First author: Last name of the first author
Type: Article or book chapter
Year: Publication year
Source: Journal or book
Category*: Broad scope of the publication.
Research topic (monarch & supporting research only)*: Specific topic.
Geographic focus*: Geographic setting for field studies.
Monitoring data used: Data from monitoring or public data efforts.
* Full list