Welcome to the monarch library! Our goal is to include all peer-reviewed articles on monarch biology with links to sites that will give you the easiest direct access to each article. Please contact if you 1) know of an article not included, 2) find a mistake in any of the listed articles, 3) know of a better link to access an article. Thanks! With your help we can provide the most complete, informative access to all papers on monarch biology.

Field Definitions

First author: Last name of the first author
Type: Article or book chapter
Year: Publication year
Source: Journal or book
Category*: Broad scope of the publication.
Research topic (monarch & supporting research only)*: Specific topic.
Geographic focus*: Geographic setting for field studies.
Monitoring data used: Data from monitoring or public data efforts.
* Full list

5 result(s)
Category: Population dynamics, Monarch research
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Zylstra, E.R., Ries, L., Neupane, N. et al. Changes in climate drive recent monarch butterfly dynamics. Nat Ecol Evol (2021).

Category: Population dynamics
Type: Article
Year: 2016
Inamine H, Ellner SP, Springer JP, Agrawal AA. Linking the continental migratory cycle of the monarch butterfly to understand its population decline. Oikos. 2016 Apr 1.

Category: Migration, Natural enemies
Type: Article
Year: 2015
Satterfield DA, Maerz JC, Altizer S. 2015. Loss of migratory behaviour increases infection risk for a butterfly host. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 282, 41734.

Category: Population dynamics
Type: Article
Year: 2014
Rendón-Salinas E, Tavera-Alonso G. Forest surface occupied by monarch butterfly hibernation colonies in December 2013. World Wildlife Fund–Mexico report. (2014)

Category: Conservation/social dimensions
Type: Article
Year: 2009
Honey-Roses J, Lopez-Garcia J, Rendon-Salinas E, Peralta-Higuera A, Galindo-Leal C. To pay or not to pay? Monitoring performance and enforcing conditionality when paying for forest conservation in Mexico. Environmental Conservation. 2009 Jun 1;36(02):120-8.

This database is a work in progress and is likely to contain several omissions and mistakes.
Please contact with any additions or corrections.