Library

Welcome to the monarch library! Our goal is to include all peer-reviewed articles on monarch biology with links to sites that will give you the easiest direct access to each article. Please contact leslie.ries@georgetown.edu if you 1) know of an article not included, 2) find a mistake in any of the listed articles, 3) know of a better link to access an article. Thanks! With your help we can provide the most complete, informative access to all papers on monarch biology.

Field Definitions

First author: Last name of the first author
Type: Article or book chapter
Year: Publication year
Source: Journal or book
Category*: Broad scope of the publication.
Research topic (monarch & supporting research only)*: Specific topic.
Geographic focus*: Geographic setting for field studies.
Monitoring data used: Data from monitoring or public data efforts.
* Full list

882 result(s)
Category: Monarch research, Overwinter dynamics
Type: Article
Year: 1968
Funk RS. 1968. Overwintering of monarch butterflies as a breeding colony in southwestern Arizona. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 22: 63-64.

Category: Monarch research, Overwinter dynamics
Type: Article
Year: 1968
Urquhart FA, Urquhart NR, Munger F. 1968. A study of a continuously breeding population of Danaus plexippus in southern California compared to a migratory population and its significance in the study of insect movement. Journal of Research on the Lepidotera 7: 169-181.

Category: Physiology/behavior
Type: Article
Year: 1968
Reichstein TV, Von Euw J, Parsons JA, Rothschild M. Heart poisons in the monarch butterfly - some aposematic butterflies obtain protection from cardenolides present in their food plants. Science. 1968 Aug 30;161(3844):861-6.

Category: Monarch research, Physiology/behavior
Type: Article
Year: 1968
Nordlander RH, Edwards JS. 1968. Morphology of larval and adult brains of monarch butterfly Danaus plexippus plexippus L. Journal of Morphology 126: 67-&.

Category: Monarch research, Natural enemies
Type: Article
Year: 1968
Arnott HJ, Smith KM, Fullilov.Sl. 1968. Ultrastructure of a cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus affecting monarch butterfly Danaus plexippus. I. Development of virus and normal polyhedra in larva. Journal of Ultrastructure Research 24: 479-&.

Category: Monarch research, Physiology/behavior
Type: Article
Year: 1968
Meinwald J, Chalmers AM, Pliske TE, Eisner T. 1968. Pheromones .3. identification of trans trans-10-hydroxy-3,7-dimethyl-2,6-decadienoic acid as a major component in hairpencil secretion of male monarch butterfly. Tetrahedron Letters: 4893-&.

Category: Commentary or review
Type: Article
Year: 1968
Robertso.ER. 1968. Monarch is a king among butterflies. New Zealand Journal of Agriculture 117: 47-&.

Category: Monarch research, Evolution/range
Type: Article
Year: 1967
Krivda W. 1967. The Monarch butterfly (Danaidae) in northern Saskatchewan. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 21: 31-32.

Category: Techniques
Type: Article
Year: 1966
Brewer J, Thomas GM. 1966. Causes of death encountered during rearing of Danaus plexippus (Danaidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 20:235-238.

Category: Monarch research, Migration
Type: Article
Year: 1966
Urquhart FA. 1966. A study of the migrations of the Gulf Coast population of the monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus L.) in North America. Ann. Zool. Fennica 3: 82-87.

Category: Techniques
Type: Article
Year: 1966
Urquhart FA, Stegner RW. 1966. Laboratory techniques for maintaining cultures of the monarch butterfly. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 5: 129.

Category: Monarch research, Natural enemies
Type: Article
Year: 1966
Urquhart FA. 1966. Virus-caused epizootic as a factor in population fluctuations of monarch butterfly. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 8: 492-&.

Category: Monarch research, Environmental performance
Type: Article
Year: 1966
Brewer I. 1966. Some Experimental Color Aberrations in Danaus plexippus. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 20: 45-46.

Category: Monarch research, Population dynamics
Type: Article
Year: 1965
Smithers CN. 1965. A note on overwintering in Danaus plexippus (Linnaeus) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) in Australia. The Australian Zoologist 13:135-136.

Category: Commentary or review
Type: Article
Year: 1965
Sheppard PM. 1965. The monarch butterfly and mimicry. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 19: 227-230.

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This database is a work in progress and is likely to contain several omissions and mistakes.
Please contact leslie.ries@georgetown.edu with any additions or corrections.